Monocropping is an agricultual practice of growing a single crop year after year on the same land, in the absence of rotation through other crops or growing multiple crops on the same land.

Though economically a very efficient system, monoculture allows specialization in equipment and crop production, monocropping is also controversial, as it can damage the soil ecology (including depletion or reduction in diversity of soil nutrients) and provide an unsafe guarded position for parasitic species, increasing crop vulnerability to opportunistic insects, plants, and microorganisms. The outcomes are a more fragile ecosystem with a huge reliance on pestcides and artificial fertlizers ( EcoWold, 2008).

The concentrated presence of a single cultivar,  ie single resistance strategy, presents a situation in which an entire crop can be wiped out very quickly by a single opportunistic species. An example of this would be potatoe famine in Island between 1845 and 1849, and according to the current studies, food shortages are suggested to be caused by fail in rice monocultutre due to climate change.

However, organic farming remains one of the best practices that can save the soil from detoriorating due to same crop year after year which drains the nutrients very fast.

Your well thoughts and suggestions remain Pramount.

 

Dastan Bamwesigye

Intern at ZEU

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