The project hypthesizes food and nutrition security of infants and adults in households of agrarian communities are strongly linked to agricultural diversity and promoting diversity is an option for improving health.

Specific objectives are to investigate on the following relationships:

The more diverse farmers are in

  • crop production (mixed cropping, crop rotation, etc.),
  • application of appropriate farm techniques (conservation agriculture),
  • preserving heterogeneity in eco-systems, and in
  • adapting to the natural environment by looking for most suitable crop bundles

the more diverse is their

  • intake of different foods from different food groups,
  • use of different crops to compose meals which serve nutrition needs,
  • food variety within food groups to choose and compose meals from (replacement of foods with similar health impact)
  • utilization of healthy crops in supplementing energy provision in diets
  • use of crop and tree components (leaves, grains, etc.), and finally
  • preparation technique of food and meals for a healthy diet.

An agriculture and nutrition intervention might influence the houshold member’s nutrtional status on several levels, e.g. a more diverse crop production might yield an better access to nutrients or the knowledge about nutrients might increase their intake.

 

Webb Intervention Pathway

Pathways of impact of agricultural and nutrition interventions on nutritional status (adapted from Webb et al. 2013)