Objectives:

  • Assess local farming systems with respect to:
    1. knowledge, attitudes and practices of farmers, household with regard to farming systems, importance of producing diversified food crops,
    2. current trends: i.e. bias towards one crop production or strategies of diversification;
    3. income generation.
  • Identify the willingness of local farmers to modify farming practices;
  • Make sure that the identified innovation bundles respond to nutrition challenges;
  • Calculate the labor budgets and assess other household assets for various farming strategies;
  • Transfer knowledge on crops, cropping practices and conservation technologies to the local conditions (incl. legumes, fruit trees, nitrogen fixing and food trees)
  • Make sure that the identified innovations respond to nutrition challenges of the region.

Description of Activities:

Assuming that a redirection of farming strategies supporting a diverse and health diet must counteract trends for mono-cropping, it is a challenge to find innovations which can be adopted. However, as trade-offs, misperceptions, and deficits in the local response to nutrition challenges may play a role, in this work package we transfer external knowledge on crops, cropping practices and fertility and restoration practices, for instance of nutrient recycling, to the local conditions.

  • Activity 3.1.0. Document a reference scenario of pure income generation
  • Activity 3.1.1. The knowledge transfer works along the concept of appropriate technologies. If sites show agro-ecological conditions suitable for improved agro-forest systems it will be looked at fruits trees, vegetables which may fit into crops mixes, rotations, etc.
  • Activity 3.1.2. Further since nutrient deficits have been studied and some proposals exists which have been elaborated already in the preparatory phase such as nutrient recycling as dependent on crop diversity and supplementary provision of organic matter form.
  • Activity 3.1.3. Since neglected fruit trees and intercropping with vegetables and shrubs are changes, we experiment with these measures and find farmers who express willing to improve agrodiversity.

This work package will use the status quo information provided by WP1 and WP2.

  • Activity 3.2.0. To see financial request for innovations.
  • Activity 3.2.1. For Uganda we propose a set of systematic and integrated analyses to determine whether and how Faidherbia albida, among other tree-based technology interventions, might be leveraged to provide increased food and nutrition security.
  • Activity 3.2.2. Access to forage and organic matter for a diverse mixed farming system has scope and will be specifically studied in areas to pastoralists.

Other major activities are:

  • Activity 3.3.1.Quasi experiments with selected communities to test the possible innovation strategies;
  • Activity 3.3.2. Organization of farmer field days (together with WP4) in order to find out willingness to modify farming practices towards diversification.